Tuesday, May 3, 2016

Golden Rule, Phoenix and Greenpeace connection

     I just found out that Greenpeace developed out of the Golden Rule and Phoenix protests against nuclear testing by private boat:
     Dr. Lawrence S. Wittner, author of the new book, Confronting the Bomb: A Short History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement (Stanford University Press) has an article out on The History News Network, "The 'Golden Rule' Will Sail Again." An interesting paragraph from the article shows the influence of the Golden Rule and Phoenix protests, including the birth of Greenpeace: 

     "Inspired by the voyage of the 'Golden Rule,' an American anthropologist, Earle Reynolds, and his family promptly sailed their own yacht, the 'Phoenix,' into the testing zone.  Antinuclear demonstrations sprang up around the country and debate over the issue reached new heights.  Later that year, the beleaguered U.S. government agreed to a nuclear testing moratorium.  In 1963, still reeling from popular protests, it signed the Partial Test Ban Treaty, banning nuclear tests in the atmosphere.  Although nuclear testing continued underwater and underground, it was challenged in a similar fashion by a new organization, Greenpeace.  Indeed, Greenpeace's 'Rainbow Warrior' was a lineal descendant of the 'Golden Rule.'

For more about the Golden Rule-Phoenix-Greenpeace connection, Google "Greenpeace, Marie Bohlen, Dorothy Stowe, and Golden Rule,"as, for example: 

The official Greenpeace USA website: Dorothy Stowe - 1920-2010

Greenpeace: How a Group of Journalists, Ecologists, and Visionaries Changed the World by Rex Weyler, p. 65

The Long Voyage: The Golden Rule and Resistance to Nuclear Testing in Asia and the Pacific by Lawrence S. Wittner

Wikipedia: Albert_Bigelow (captain of Golden Rule), Search for "Greenpeace" 

Greenpeace, Earth First! and The Earth Liberation Front: The Progression of the Radical Environmental Movement in America by Christopher J. Covill 

Environmental activism and world civic politics by Paul Kevin Wapner, p. 45

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